መንግስቱ ሃይለማሪያም ለፍርድ ሊቀርብ ይችላል

Current political, socio-economic and human rights issues.

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መንግስቱ ሃይለማሪያም ለፍርድ ሊቀርብ ይችላል

Postby እሰፋ ማሩ » Mon Dec 11, 2017 9:54 pm

በኢትዮጲያ ታሪክ እጅግ አሰቃቂ የሰው ዘር ጭፍጨፋ የመራ የደርጉ መሪ መንግስቱ ሃይለማሪያም በ80 አመቱ ለፍርድ ሊቀረብ እንደሚችል ይነገራል፡፡በአለም ዙሪያና በኢትዮጲያ ከሚቀርቡት የህዝብ ጥያቄዎችና የህግ አሰተያየቶች መረዳት እንደሚቻለው ዚምባብዌ ለታጋዮች ስለሰጠው ስልጠና የሰጠችው ጥገኝነት መንግስቱ ላደረሰው የሰው ዘር ፍጅት ወንጀል ከፍርድ ሊያስጥለው እንደማይችል ይታወቃል፡፡ትንኝ መግደል አልፈልግም የሚል ሃሰተኛ አምባገነን መንግስቱ የራሱን ጄነራሎች በብረት እየቀጠቀጠ እንዲገደሉ ያደረገ ሲሆን የቀድሞ አዛውንት የንጉሱን ሚንስትሮችንም ያለርህራሄ ያሳረደ ጨካኛ ሰው ነው፡፡በመንግስቱ ላይ ፍርድ መሰጠቱን ፍትህን የሚያምኑ ሁሉ ይስማሙበታል፡፡
Quest to extradite Ethiopia's dictator Mengistu as Mugabe departs
By DW የዶቼቬሌ ጀርመን ራዲዮ
December 11, 2017
Zimbabwe's ex-President Robert Mugabe gave refuge to Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam, convicted of genocide in Ethiopia. Mugabe's departure has raised hopes that Haile Mariam could be extradited, but this is all uncertain.
In a move that stunned the world, Zimbabwe’s defense forces ousted President Robert Mugabe from power on November 21, 2017, bringing his 37 years of strongman rule to an end. When his successor, Emmerson Mnangagwa, took office three days later, a new chapter opened for the country.
Major General SB Moyo, the country’s chief of staff logistics, said the transition was aimed at ending social and economic suffering and bringing criminals to justice. The unfolding transition of power with its promise of change has brought hope not only to Zimbabweans but also to other Africans.

One such hope is that Ethiopia’s former Marxist-leaning leader Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam could finally be brought to justice. Mugabe gave Haile Mariam a residency permit after the latter fled Ethiopia in 1991. His motive for giving Haile Mariam refuge was thought to be to allow the Ethiopian ex-leader to train and arm Zimbabweans during their liberation struggle in the 1970s.

In a campaign aimed at repressing political dissent that would become called the "Red Terror," Mengistu’s administration was alleged to have killed an estimated half a million people, including the last emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie.
After the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) came to power, a court sentenced Mengistu to life in prison in absentia. Although the Ethiopian government requested his extradition in 2006, Mugabe reportedly refused to hand over the ex-leader, who was at the time his adviser on Ethiopia’s security affairs.
Social media hopes of repatriation-Social media users in Ethiopia have recently been asking about the fate of the 80-year-old Mengistu now that Mugabe is gone.Others were quick to demand the forced repatriation of Mengistu to Ethiopia, where they hope he can face justice. But such demands, even though genuine, seem sometimes to be mixed with sarcasm.
A tweet bearing the name Zirak Asfaw congratulates Mnangagwa on the peaceful power transition and pleads: “Please remember the mothers of #Ethiopia who are still waiting for justice: extradite #Mengistu Hailemariam.”
Another Twitter user under the name Deki sawa went further, urging Zimbabweans: “If #Zimbabweans are the kind of justice-loving people they claim to be, it is time to pressure their government to transfer the #genocidal #Ethiopian #dictator #MengistuHaileMariam …“Among those who weighed in was Awol Kassim Allo, an assistant professor of law at the London School of Economics, who also asked what would happen to Haile Mariam.
'Dwindling appetite' for obtaining justice
Speaking to DW, Allo said states could give asylum to any individuals they chose, but this did not mean their actions were not in breach of international obligations. He noted that hosting countries often displayed a lack of political will and turned a blind eye to international law, which made extradition difficult.Allo was not also sure whether the two countries had signed an extradition treaty and expressed doubts that the current Zimbabwe administration would do such a thing.
“I think what people forget,” Allo said, is that “it is still the same party that is ruling Zimbabwe, still the same individuals who were very much part of Mugabe’s inner circle that are in control of the government.”

Yacob Hailemariam, a lawyer based in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, and former senior prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, argues, for his part, that there has not been any serious demand made by the Ethiopian government for Mengistu's extradition. Hailemariam also maintains that authorities in Harare “remain indebted to him [Mengistu] for the liberation of Zimbabwe”.

Although Mengistu Haile Mariam was tried in absentia in 2006 along with 73 high ranking Derg, also known as "committee" officials, victims and other people concerned with the case have been alleging that the EPRDF has not put much pressure on Zimbabwe to help bring Mengistu to justice.

Allo contends that the EPRDF’s initial move of bringing those officials to the courtroom was merely for political reasons, such as trying to obtain international legitimacy as a country and to publicly show a determination to do away with wrongful impunity and ensure criminals were held to account.
“I think there is not the same appetite today as there was back in the 1990s,” Allo added.

Mengistu’s denial-Mengistu has been quoted as saying he had “never killed even a fly” let alone a human, and that the crimes he was accused of “are all lies perpetrated by my enemies.”Yacob Hailemaraim, 73, who fled to Kenya from prosecution at the time, remembers the Derg’s era as “the most horrible thing that the country had to go through.”
Hailemaraim said that he had lost many friends and accused Haile Mariam of “killing several people himself.”

“If [the Red Terror] is not an atrocity, what is an atrocity?” asks Allo.

Political and legal analysts draw a very thin line between the EPRDF and Derg regime on their respective human rights records: The EPRDF, which has now been in power for more than quarter a century, is also being accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

“As it has turned out, the Ethiopian government has itself become extremely authoritarian and repressive, almost in the same way as the previous government,” Allo notes.“He doesn’t have to have killed a fly,” says the lawyer Yacob Hailemaraim, but “he was an instrumental in ordering many of these killings. He was responsible. He knew these killings were going on."
እሰፋ ማሩ
ዋና ውሃ አጠጪ
ዋና ውሃ አጠጪ
 
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Re: መንግስቱ ሃይለማሪያም ለፍርድ ሊቀርብ ይችላል

Postby እሰፋ ማሩ » Thu Dec 14, 2017 2:17 am

ወንጀለኞች ሁሌም ፍርድ የሚያገኙት በሰው ላይ የተካሄደ ወንጀል ገደብ ስለማያግደው ነው፡፡መንግስቱም ሆነ ወያኔዎች ፍርድ ማግኘታቸው የማይቀር ነው፡፡በዘመን ቆይታ ወንጀል ሊሰረዝ አይችልም፡፡የወቅቱ ሚዲያም ይህንኑ እየዘገበ ነው፡፡
ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ እና ፍትህ
በዚምባቡዌ የቀድሞው ምክትል ፕሬዚደንት ኤመርሰን ምናንጋግዋ እና የጦር ኃይሉ የቀድሞዉ ፕሪዝዳንት የሮቤርት ሙጋቤን የ37 ዓመት ዘመነ ስልጣን እንዲያበቃ ማድረጋቸው ብዙዎቹን አስገርሟል፣ ብዙዎችን አነጋግረዋል።
ኮሎኔል መንግስቱንና ፍትህ
ኤሜርሶን ማናንጋግዋ አዲሱ መሪ ሆነው ስልጣን መያዛቸው በዚምባብዌ ዜጎች ብቻ ሳይሆን በሌሎች አፍሪቃውያንም ዘንድ ብሩሕ ተስፋ አሳድሯል።ምናንጋግዋ የኤኮኖሚዉንና ማህበራዊ ችግር እንደሚያበቁና ወንጀለኞችንም ወደ ፍትህ እንደሚያቀርቡ ቃል መግባታቸው ይታወሳል።ከ26 ዓመት በፊት የቀድሞዉ የዝምባቡዌ ፕሪስዳንት ሮቤርት ሙጋቤ ለኮሎኔል መንግስቱ ኃይለማርያም የፖለቲካ ተገን መስጠታቸዉ ይታወሳል። የአምነስት ኢንቴርናሽናል ዘገባ እንደሚጠቁመው፣ ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ 17 ዓመት ስልጣን በቆዩበት ወቅት በተለይም በቀይ ሽብር ዘመን ወደ ግማሽ ሚሊዮን ሰዎች ተገድለዋል። እንደ ጎርጎረሳዊያኑ በ2006 ዓ/ም የኢትዮጵያ ከፍተኛ ፍርድቤት ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ በሌሉበት የሞት ቅጣት በይኖባቸዋል። በዚያን ጊዜ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ዝምባቡዌ ኮሎኔል መንግስቱን ወደ አገራቸዉ እንድትመልስ ቢጠይቅም ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ በዝምባቡዌ የነፃነት ትግል ላይ ከፍተኛ አስተዋፅዖ አድርገዋል በሚል ሙጋቤ ጥያቄዉን አልተቀበሉትም።
ብዙዎች በመገናኛ ብዙሀን እና በማህበራዊ መገናኛ ዘዴዎች ላይ አዲሱ የዝምባቡዌ መንግስት ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ ኃይለማርያም ለፍትህ ይቀርቡ ዘንድ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ እንዲመልሳቸዉ እየተማፅኑ ይገኛሉ።
ይህ በሕግ ዓይን እንዴት እንደሚታይ በለንዶን ስኩል ኦፍ ኤኮኖሚክስ የሕግ ረዳት ፕሮፌሶር ዶክተር አዎል ቃስም አሎ እንዲህ ያስረዳሉ፣«በዓለም አቀፍ ወንጀል ለተጠረጠሩ ግለሰቦች ተገን የምትሰጥ አንዲት ሉዓላዊ አገርን ተጠያቂ የምታደርግበት የሕግ ሂደት የለም። ሰዎች የዘነጉት ግን ዚምባብዌን አሁንም እያስተዳደረ ያለዉ የበፊቱ ፓርቲ መሆኑ እና አሁንም ስልጣኑን የተቆጣጠሩት ግለሰቦች ከሙጋቤ ጋር በቅርብ ሲሰሩ የነበሩ መሆናቸውን ነው።»

በኢትዮጵያ መንግስት በኩልም ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ ኃይለማርያም ወደ አገር እንዲመለሱ በዚምባብዌ መንግሥት ላይ የተደረገዉ የፖለቲካ ጫና በቂ እንዳልነበረ ጠበቃና በርዋንዳ ዓለም አቀፋዊ የወንጀለኞች መዳኛ ፍርድ ቤት ዋና አቃቤ ህግ የነበሩት ዶክተር ያዕቆብ ሃይለማርያም ገልጸዋል። በወንጀል የተከሰሱ 73 የደርግ ባለስልጣናት ፍርድ ቤት ቀርበው ብይን ሲተላለፍባቸው፣ ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ ኃይለማርያም ግን በሌሉበት በሞት እንዲቀጡ መበየኑ እስካሁን ከፍትሕ እንዲያመልጡ አስችሏቸዋል ይላሉ ዶክተር ያዕቆብ።

«የዚምባብዌ ባለሥልጣናት መንግስቱን አሳልፈው ይሰጣሉ ብሎ መጠበቅ በጣም የማይመስል ነዉ። መንግስቱ ለዝምባቡዌ ነፃነት ላደረገዉ አስተዋፅዖ ውለታ አለባቸዉ። በዚህ ዘመን ወንጀለኛዉ በሌለበት ዉሳኔ ማሳለፍ አይደገፍም። ሰዎች ፍርድ ቤት ቀርበው ራሳቸውን መከላከል አለባቸው፣» ስሉም አክሎበታል።

አሁንም በኢትዮጵያ መንግስት በኩል ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ ወደ ፍትህ እንዲቀርቡ ለማድረግ ብዙም ፍላጎት ያለ እንደማይመስላቸው የገለጹት ዶክተር አዎል ያሁኑ መንግሥት ከኮሎኔል መንግስቱ አስተዳደር ያን ያህል አይለይም ይላሉ። «የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ራሱ እንዳለፈዉ መንግስት አምባገነን እና ጨቋኝ እየሆነ መጥቷል።»

የዝምባቡዌ የመገናኛ ብዙሃን አዉታሮች የምናንጋግዋ መንግስት መንግስቱን ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የመመለስ እቅድ እንደለለዉ ሰሙኑን ዘግበው ነበር ። ሆኖም አንድ የጀርመን ዜና አገልግሎት ዛሬ እንደዘገበው አዲሱ መንግሥት ኮሎኔል መንግሥቱን ለኢትዮጵያ አሳልፎ እንደማይሰጥ አስታውቋል።
መርጋ ዮናስ
አርያም ተክሌ
https://mg.co.za/article/2017-12-11-que ... e-departs/
http://www.dw.com/en/quest-to-extradite ... a-41719005
http://www.irinnews.org/news/1999/12/06 ... on-request
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldne ... babwe.html
እሰፋ ማሩ
ዋና ውሃ አጠጪ
ዋና ውሃ አጠጪ
 
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